The Doctoral School of Education is organized into seven closely related training and research programs. Two of these, Learning and Instruction and Educational Assessment, represent continuity from the beginnings. The Psychological Aspects of Development and Education program provides a deep insight into the biological processes of learning and into the foundations of learning and instruction. Health Education is an area in applied research gaining importance. The Technologies in Education program integrates recent technological developments and a new trend in the culture of education. Social and Emotional Education program focuses on the social skills and abilities. Finally, the Content Pedagogy program focuses on the particular aspects of learning and instruction in several school subjects.